Political Capital analyzed 92 votes cast by Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) between 2 July 2019 and May 2021. We categorized these votes into five groups: Chinese People’s Party-critical, Kremlin-critical, Counter-authoritarian pushback, information sovereignty (disinformation) and common EU foreign policy. We created five corresponding indexes. We put each vote we analyzed into one group each depending on what topic they dealt with primarily. Then, we calculated the five index scores based only on votes belonging to a given category. How the scores are calculated is described here.
Please see the voting results in all groups separately below. You can switch between the individual texts in a given category at the top of the infographic. You can switch between the indexes at the bottom of the infographic.